Humans had the brains and the Neanderthals did not.
That truism is becoming a fallacy as archeological evidence is showing that humans may not have had a cognitive advantage over the them.
A new study published in Plos One
says Humans did not outwit the Neanderthals. Our brains are not the reason that humanity prospered and Neanderthals did not some 40,000 years ago.
They also point out that far from the idea that Neanderthals grunted their way through a brutish existence, that they communicated and worked together to secure food and protect themselves.